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  • Identify, describe, and interpret Earth materials, and evaluate their physical, geometric, and temporal relationships.                        
  • Recognize and interpret the origin and evolution of erosional or constructional landscapes (e.g., fluvial, glacial, arid, coastal, volcanic, deformational) within the context of modern tectonics and climatic concepts.                        
  • Recognize and utilize the laws of superposition and faunal succession in deciphering Earth history.                        
  • Use appropriate field and analytical tools for the purpose of data collection and analysis.                        
  • Critically evaluate data and interpretations, and succinctly communicate data and observations using spreadsheets, graphical and/or spatial analysis tools.                        
  • Access and utilize the geologic literature.                        
  • Communicate effectively in both oral and written formats as well as be comfortable with the language of geology.                        
  • Create, read, and interpret topographic maps, geologic maps, and cross-sections.                       



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APAC Response to Geological Sciences' assessment 2021